Nonhuman culture

Social knowledge on canvas, Newport, VT, May 2020

What constitutes the human differences in society is cultural, not biological.

Culture produces adaptive behaviors that have the ability to transform urban or natural environments.

Especially, nonhuman culture has been hugely undervalued.  

Although people are very distinct from one another, their mental capacities (cognitive, emotional, or imaginative) are not and permit to believe that objects, creatures, and places possess a distinct spiritual essence, a soul.

For example, the behavior of animals from their ecological habitats generates circumstantial geographical patterns.

It is what I represent here: how it shapes the multiple evolutionary trajectories.